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Pomeranian
Pomeranian Puppy For Sale In PA

Pomeranian: History and Appearance
History
The Pomeranian is believed to have descended from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. It is unofficially considered to be a part of the “spitz” family of dogs. “Spitz” is a term used to describe the cold weather dogs that existed in cold northern countries. It is believed that the Pomeranian’s closes relatives are the Samoyed, the American Eskimo Dog, the German Spitz, and the Norwegian Elkhound.
The breed’s name comes from Pomerania, a region that is now part of Germany and Poland. It is believed that the original dogs weighed as much as 30 lbs and were used to herd sheep. The breed was brought to Europe from this region.
It is believed that the breed was popular early on, as it was owned by notable figures such as Martin Luther, Michelangelo, Mozart, and even Sir Isaac Newton.
Pomeranians became known in England in the 1700’s, when a princess from the region where the breed originated married the man who was to become King George III. This princess brought a pair of white Pomeranians to England with her. The dogs weighed over 20 lbs.
During Queen Victoria’s reign, the Pomeranian changed quite a bit. Queen Victoria, a dog fancier and breeder herself, became very fond of the Pomeranian. She discovered the breed during a trip to Italy in 1888, and purchased a sable and red Pomeranian that weighed only 12 lbs. This small Pomeranian went on to compete successfully in many dog shows. Queen Victoria bought three other Pomeranians, and it is believed that the first dog, Marco, was the inspiration for breeding the dog to a smaller size. It is said that Queen Victoria was so fond of her Pomeranians that she asked that her dog, Turi, be brought to her bedside as she was dying.
English dog breeders, inspired by their Queen, began working toward a smaller dog. The breed experienced a spike in popularity between the 1900’s and the 1930’s. A breed standard was soon created, and the Pomeranian was often entered in dog shows in large numbers. During this time, the Pomeranian became closer to the size that we know now, and the coat coloring began to have greater variety.
The first Pomeranian entered into the American Kennel Club was a dog named Dick who was registered in 1888. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1900. The Pomeranian’s popularity in the United States grew exponentially, and The Pomeranian Club was officially recognized as the parent club of the breed in 1909. The Pomeranians that were featured in America during those early days had heavier bones and a less heavy coat. The Pomeranian’s appearance has changed since then. Today, the Pomeranian is one of the most popular breeds of dog in America.
Appearance
The Pomeranian is a sturdy, yet glamorous looking little dog. It is well known for its lush coat, animated nature, and friendly personality. The Pomeranian’s demeanor is often described as “cocky,” as this little breed seems to be unaware of its diminutive size. Confident and happy, these little dog’s carry a “big dog” attitude wherever they go.
The Pomeranian is a compact little dog. The average weight is usually between 3 to 7 lbs. The preferred weight in show is 4 to 6 lbs. The dog has an appearance that is delicate, yet sturdy and balanced.
The Pomeranian’s head is in proportion to the size and features of the body. The muzzle should be short, straight, and should not be “snipy.” The breed is said to have “fox-like” features about the face. The top of the head is slightly rounded, and the ears are small and carried erect. The ears are triangular and set high on the head. The eyes are almond shaped and should be dark in color. The nose, eye rims, and lips are usually black, with the exception of blue, beaver, and brown dogs. The teeth meet in a true scissors bite.
The neck is fairly short, as is the back. The back is level. The legs are slightly muscled, yet slender. The legs should be straight and parallel to each other. The feet are arched. The Pomeranian’s tail lies flat and straight across the dog’s back. It is fully plumed.
The Pomeranian has a thick double coat. The outer coat is long, straight, shiny, and has a hard texture. The undercoat is dense and soft. The undercoat is what supports the guard hair and makes it stand away from the Pomeranian’s body. The coat should be especially abundant around the neck, chest, and shoulders. The hair on the legs and head is much shorter and smoother, while the backs of the legs do feature some feathering. Hair on the ears may also feature feathering, though the hair on the muzzle is short. The tail is full of long, straight hair. The breed may be trimmed for neatness, but shaving or overly trimming is not recommended.
The Pomeranian’s coat comes in a variety of color combinations, including Black and Tan, Brindle, and Parti color. Colors can also be considered as open red, cream, orange, and sable as well as open black, brown, and blue. Other colors, patterns, and variations may also be available.
Showing a Pomeranian
The Pomeranian should be lively, alert, and friendly. It should not exhibit tendencies toward barking, aggression, nervousness, or shyness. The breed should come across as intelligent and vivacious. The dog’s gait should be free and balanced. The legs should not turn in or out during movement.
The Pomeranian should not have a domed or rounded skull. The bite should not be overshot or undershot, and nose, lip, and eye rim pigmentation should not be any color other than black, unless the dog’s coloring is blue, beaver, or brown. The dog should not have any problems with its legs or joints. Any dog over 6 lbs. or under 4 lbs. will be disqualified. The coat should be natural, and the fur should not be flat or soft.

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