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Pembroke Welsh Corgi
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Pembroke Welsh Corgi: History and Appearance
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a breed with a long history. Though somewhat younger than its other Corgi counterpart, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dates all the way back to 1107 A.D. Though many groups have attempted to get both types classified as one breed, they are in actuality, two different dogs with complete and separate histories.
As it stands, the dogs differ in appearance. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a shorter body, straighter legs, and finer bones than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The breeds also feature different shaped ears, tails, coloring, and temperaments.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s history begins during the reign of Henry I, when the breed was brought to Wales by Flemish weavers. As the Flemish began to take up residence in Wales, they began to build a life that resembled that of their homeland. This included their occupations, traditions, and of course, their dogs. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s ancestors were farm dogs, who were used to guard stock and protect the home. The breed was also used as a heeler and a drover. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was exceptional at working with poultry. It was often responsible for gathering the flocks of geese, ducks, and chickens and driving them in for the night.
The early ancestor of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi resembled a Schipperke. It is believed that the dog also descended from the family of Spitz dogs that includes the Norwegian Elkhound, the Pomeranian, and the Keeshond. Despite the Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s appearance, it is not related to the Dachshund. There is, however, a point where the breed was crossed with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi.
In the 1900’s, Cardigan Welsh Corgi pups were everywhere, and becoming somewhat overpopulated and a burden to their owners. Several young men began taking the pups to neighboring towns and villages and selling them for profit. It was then that the Cardigan Welsh Corgi began to be crossed with the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. At the time, cross breeding was common and little was thought of it until the breeds began appearing in dog shows.
With standards developed for each breed, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi were no longer crossed. Breed fanciers were determined to keep them as separate and different breeds. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi began to show in Great Britain following World War I. The Welsh Corgi Club was formed in 1925, and catered only to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Clubs were later formed for the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and in 1928 a challenge was issued to the Kennel Club, asking for each type of Corgi to be declared as a separate breed. The challenge was granted, and it was then that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi became distinct from one another. Over time, it was the Pembroke Welsh Corgi that began to draw more attention, when Princess Elizabeth acquired one in 1933. The breed became a favorite of soon to be Queen Elizabeth II, and over the years its popularity in the United Kingdom soared.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1934. The modern Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a popular pet in both British and American households. It remains the favored pet of Queen Elizabeth II, and is often shown in canine events. The breed has proven itself to do well in agility and obedience trials.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known for its low set body; short, sturdy limbs; and smiling face. The dog is medium boned, strong, and compact. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi should be 10 to 12 inches. The weight should be in proportion to the dog’s size, with males not exceeding 30 lbs. and females not exceeding 28 lbs.
This breed is considered to have a long and low form. The head is shaped like that of a fox, with a wide, flat skull. The cheeks are somewhat rounded. The muzzle is somewhat tapered, and the mouth meets in a scissors bite. The eyes are medium and oval. They are usually in varying shades of brown, depending on the dog’s coat color. Ears are mid-sized, erect, and taper to a rounded point. The ears have good movement, and demonstrate good reaction to sound.
The neck of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is longer. It is arched and blends well into the body. The dog has a level back, and does not feature much of a tuck up of the abdomen. The legs are short, with the forearms turned in just a bit. The rear legs feature well-muscled thighs. The dewclaws on all four legs should be removed. The tail of a Pembroke Welsh Corgi docked as short as possible, without being removed entirely.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi features a coat with a weather resistant undercoat that is short and dense. The outer coat is longer, featuring fairly coarse hair. The coat features different lengths, with a noticeable ruff around the neck and chest. The rest of the body coat should be flat.
Coloring should be with or without white markings. Coloring can be red, sable, fawn, and black and tan. White can be on the legs, chest, neck, muzzle, and as a blaze on the head.
The gait should be free and smooth. Temperament is bold, yet friendly.
Showing a Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are expected to conform to their standard when in show. In show, the preferred weight for the breed is 27 lbs. for males and 25 lbs. for females.
Severe penalties can result from dogs that are oversized or undersized. The bite should not be undershot or overshot. It is preferred that they eyes are not completely black, blue , or yellow. The coat should not be overly fluffy, white, blue, or mismarked.
Particular attention is paid to the ears, as they are a signature feature of the breed. Bat, small, large, weak, and hooded ears are undesirable. Button, rose, or drop ears are a serious fault.

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